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USS Hawkins (DD 873)

- formerly DDR 873 -
- decommissioned -

USS HAWKINS was one of the GEARING - class destroyers and the first ship in the Navy to bear the name. Both decommissioned and stricken from the Navy list on October 1, 1979, the HAWKINS was subsequently laid up at Philadelphia, Penn. Transferred to Taiwan on March 17, 1983, and recommissioned as TSU YANG, the ship was finally decommissioned in 1998. Her forward superstructure was preserved and is now part of a museum in Taiwan.

General Characteristics:Awarded: 1943
Keel laid: May 14, 1944
Launched: October 7, 1944
Commissioned: February 10, 1945
Decommissioned: October 1, 1979
Builder: Consolidated Steel Co., Orange, TX
FRAM I Conversion Shipyard: Boston Naval Shipyard, Boston, Mass.
FRAM I Conversion Period: 1964 - January 1965
Propulsion system: four boilers, General Electric geared turbines; 60,000 SHP
Propellers: two
Length: 391 feet (119.2 meters)
Beam: 41 feet (12.5 meters)
Draft: 18.7 feet (5.7 meters)
Displacement: approx. 3,400 tons full load
Speed: 34 knots
Aircraft after FRAM I: two DASH drones
Armament after FRAM I: one ASROC missile launcher, two 5-inch/38 caliber twin mounts, Mk-32 ASW torpedo tubes (two triple mounts)
Crew after FRAM I: 14 officers, 260 enlisted

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Crew List:

This section contains the names of sailors who served aboard USS HAWKINS. It is no official listing but contains the names of sailors who submitted their information.

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USS HAWKINS Cruise Books:

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HAWKINS, originally BEATTY but renamed 22 June 1944, was launched by Consolidated Steel Co., Orange, Tex., 7 October 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Clara Hawkins, mother of First Lieutenant Hawkins; and commissioned 10 February 1945, Comdr. C. Iverson in command.

Following shakedown training in the Caribbean, HAWKINS arrived Norfolk 23 March 1945 to undergo conversion to a radar picket ship. Emerging 26 May, she conducted training exercises before sailing 18 June from Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, for San Diego and Pearl Harbor. After her arrival 8 July HAWKINS prepared to enter the last phase of the Pacific War, but 3 days after her 12 August departure from Pearl Harbor for Eniwetok the Japanese surrendered. The destroyer continued from Eniwetok to Iwo Jima and Tokyo Bay, arriving 27 August, and assisted in early occupation operations. She then escorted ships to and from the Marianas, remaining in Japanese waters until 3 January 1946. HAWKINS then steamed to the Philippines and Saipan, finally arriving Pearl Harbor 3 April.

Arriving San Diego 11 April, the destroyer took part in training operations off the west coast until sailing again for the far east in January 1947. During the months that followed she steamed between Chinese and Korean ports, assisting and supporting American Marine units in their attempts to stabilize the explosive Chinese situation and protect American lives. HAWKINS also took part in rescue operations off Hong Kong 19 July 1947, when a giant steamer sank with over 2,000 passengers on board. She returned to the United States 8 October 1947.

After a year of operations out of San Diego the ship sailed again for the troubled Far East, arriving Tsingtao, China, 29 October. Following operations off the China coast HAWKINS got underway from Tsingtao in December. On this long voyage, completing a circuit of the globe, the destroyer visited Ceylon, Turkey, Gibraltar, New York, and Panama before arriving San Diego 10 March 1949.

HAWKINS was reassigned to the Atlantic Fleet soon afterwards, arriving at her new home port, Newport, 23 May 1949. For the next year she took part in reserve training cruises and readiness exercises in the Caribbean. The ship had been reclassified DDR 873 18 March 1949. HAWKINS departed 2 May 1950 for a cruise with 6th Fleet in the strategic Mediterranean.

While there, she and the world were shocked by the Communist invasion of South Korea. After NATO maneuvers she returned to Newport 10 October and prepared to become part of the nation's far flung bulwark in the Korean conflict. Sailing 3 January via the Panama Canal she arrived Pusan 5 February. During her 4 months of Korean duty HAWKINS screened the mobile carrier forces during strikes on enemy positions and supply lines, provided antisubmarine protection, and controlled jet aircraft in combat air patrols. She also acted as plane guard during operations in the Formosa Straits. Departing the Far East in June, the destroyer returned to Newport 8 August via the Mediterranean.

For the next few years the veteran ship alternated picket duty and training operations in the western Atlantic with periodic cruises to the Mediterranean with the 6th Fleet. She was in the Eastern Mediterranean during the summer of 1950 when the Suez crisis threatened the security and peace of the area. HAWKINS arrived at Mayport, Fla., her new homeport, 18 August 1960, and soon resumed her pattern of cruises to the Mediterranean. In 1961 she operated with a special Task Group in connection with American space experiments and missile tests off Cape Canaveral, now Cape Kennedy. When the introduction of offensive missiles into Cuba in 1962 threatened the security of the United States, HAWKINS joined with other ships in quarantining that Caribbean country, cruising the Caribbean from late October until December in a modern demonstration of the power of forces afloat. In 1963 the ship returned to the Mediterranean in the Spring and in August took part in Polaris missile tests in the Caribbean with submarine ALEXANDER HAMILTON (SSBN 617). During the next 5 months HAWKINS operated with carriers off Florida and in the Caribbean. Following additional Polaris missile tests with ANDREW JACKSON (SSBN 619) in February 1964, she steamed to Boston 21 March and was placed in commission, in reserve, prior to undergoing FRAM I overhaul.

Reclassified DD 873 on 1 April, HAWKINS completed FRAM late in 1964. Assigned to Destroyer Squadron 24, she operated out of Newport until departing 29 September for duty in the Far East. Steaming via the Panama Canal and the West Coast, she joined the 7th Fleet 23 November as part of America's powerful naval commitment to thwart Communist aggression in Southeast Asia. For the next 3 months she guarded hard-hitting carriers in the South China Sea and the Gulf of Tonkin and provided gunfire support for ground troops along the coast of South Vietnam. She departed Subic Bay late in February 1966, steamed via the Suez Canal, and arrived Newport 8 April.

HAWKINS maintained the peak readiness of her crew and equipment over the next few months with exercises off the East Coast and in the Caribbean. Departing Newport 28 November, she joined the 6th Fleet at Gibraltar 8 December and became flagship for ComDesRon 24. For more than 3 months she cruised the Mediterranean from Spain to Greece before returning to Newport 20 March 1967. Into mid-1967 she operated along the Atlantic Coast from New England to Florida until departing for the Mediterranean again in 1968.

In 1969 and 1971 HAWKINS supported Apollo space missions and, in 1970, she operated with the Standing Naval Force Atlantic in Northern European waters. Three more Mediterranean cruises, in 1972-73, 1975-76 and 1977 were punctuated in 1974 by long voyages around the Cape of Good Hope for operations in the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf.

In December 1977 HAWKINS was assigned to Naval Reserve training service out of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. That lasted until the beginning of October 1979, when she was placed out of commission, stricken from the Naval Vessel Register and laid up at Philadelpha. Sold to Taiwan in March 1983 and renamed TSU YANG, she served in Taiwan's navy until 1998.

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About the Ship's Name:

William Deane Hawkins was born 19 April 1914 in Fort Scott, Kansas, and enlisted in the Marine Corps 5 January 1942. He accepted a battlefield commission in the Solomons 18 November 1942, and was killed 21 November 1943 in the assault on Tarawa. First Lieutenant Hawkins received the Medal of Honor for his gallantry during the bloody assault on Betio in which he gave his life. The citation reads in part: "Fearlessly leading his men on to join the forces fighting desperately to gain a beachhead, he repeatedly risked his life throughout the day and night to direct and lead attacks on pill boxes and installations with grenades and demolitions... Refusing to withdraw after being seriously wounded in the chest during this skirmish, First Lieutenant Hawkins steadfastly carried the fight to the enemy, destroying three more pillboxes before he was caught in a burst of Japanese shell fire and mortally wounded. His relentless fighting spirit in the face of formidable opposition and his exceptionally daring tactics were an inspiration to his comrades during the most crucial phase of the battle and reflect the highest credit upon the United States Naval Service."

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Accidents aboard USS HAWKINS:

August 3, 1974Indian Ocean
During an underway replenishment with USNS MARIAS (T-AO 57), the USS HAWKINS is hit by a large wave that washes over the forward deck and injurs seven sailors. The destroyer subsequently heads to Diego Suarez, Madagascar, to provide the injured crew members with medical treatment in a hospital.

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After FRAM I Conversion:

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